The Commission is responsible for Copernicus and for the coordination among its different components. It oversees the implementation of Copernicus including priority definition, user involvement, cost, schedule, performance and procurement. The Commission manages the relationships with third countries and international organizations, ensuring the coordination of Copernicus with activities at national, EU and international levels.
For the implementation of the space component, the Commission concluded two delegation agreements:
- with ESA which ensures the technical coordination of the Copernicus space component as well as the definition of the overall system architecture for the Copernicus space component and its evolution on the basis of user requirements, coordinated by the Commission;
- with EUMETSAT entrusting it with the responsibility to operate dedicated missions (Sentinel-3 for oceans, Sentinel-4, 5 and 6) and provide access to contributing mission data, pursuant to its mandate and expertise.
The in-situ component is coordinated by the European Environment Agency, with contributions of the Member States.
The services are managed:
- in direct mode by crossed sub-delegation with the Joined Research Centre for the land monitoring service at global scale and the emergency management service;
- in indirect mode by delegation agreement with the European Environment Agency for the land monitoring, the ECMWF (European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts) for atmosphere monitoring and climate change services, Mercator-Ocean for the marine environment monitoring service, the European Agency for the management of the operational cooperation at external borders of the UE Member States (FRONTEX) for the borders surveillance service and the European Maritime Security Agency (EMSA) for the maritime surveillance service.